Lichens

From Natural History of Southeast Alaska
Jump to: navigation, search

https://wiki.seaknature.org/Category:Lichen

Lichen (and Lichencolous fungi) species in wiki: 563

Selected References or Resources

http://www.waysofenlichenment.net/lichens/

https://www.researchgate.net/publication/259184939_New_Records_Range_Extensions_and_Nomenclatural_Innovations_for_Lichens_and_Lichenicolous_Fungi_from_Alaska_USA

Pacific Northwest Lichen Air sensitivity Ratings

Tongass Lichen Database records

North American Lichen Checklist

https://northwest-lichenologists.wildapricot.org/Literature-and-Links

Key to Cladina/Cladonia of QCI

Pictures at Norway Natural History Museum Website

Pictures by Swedish photographers/scientists

http://lichens.digitalmycology.com/macrolichens/macrolichens.html

http://lichenportal.org/portal/

https://oregondigital.org/sets/lichens-pnw

https://lichens.twinferntech.net/pnw/

Alphabetical Listing of all species in the wiki

Scientific NameCommon NameSummary
Acroscyphus sphaerophoroidesCrab-eye LichenFound by Ellen Anderson in the alpine on isolated rock outcrops above Green's Creek mine on Admiralty Island. (Possibly spread via bird feet?). PacNW database shows only two other collections from the west coast (one from BC, one from WA). Only six occurrences reported from NA (and potentially rare globally) [1]
Alectoria nigricansGray Witch's Hair
Alectoria ochroleuca
Alectoria sarmentosaWitch's hair
Allantoparmelia almquistii
Allantoparmelia alpicola
Amandinea coniops
Amandinea punctataTiny Button Lichen
Amygdalaria consentiensAlmond Lichen
Amygdalaria continua
Amygdalaria elegantior
Amygdalaria haidensis
Amygdalaria panaeola
Amygdalaria pelobotryon
Amygdalaria subdissentiens
Arctomia delicatula
Arctoparmelia incurva
Arctoparmelia separata
Arthonia phaeobaeaComma Lichen
Arthonia punctiformis
Arthrorhaphis citrinella
Asahinea chrysantha
Aspicilia gibbosa
Bacidia beckhausii
Baeomyces placophyllus
Baeomyces rufusBrown-beret Lichen
Bellemerea cinereorufescens
Biatora cuprea
Biatora efflorescens
Biatora vernalis
Biatoropsis usnearum
Brigantiaea fuscolutea
Brodoa oroarctica
Bryocaulon divergensNorthern Foxhair
Bryocaulon pseudosatoanumFoxhair Lichen
Bryoria bicolorTwo-color Horsehair Lichen
Bryoria capillarisGray Horsehair Lichen
Bryoria carlottae
Bryoria cervinula
Bryoria chalybeiformis
Bryoria friabilis
Bryoria fuscescens
Bryoria glabra
Bryoria lanestris
Bryoria nadvornikiana
Bryoria nitidula
Bryoria pseudofuscescens
Bryoria simplicior
Bryoria subcana
Bryoria tenuis
Bryoria trichodes
Buellia erubescens
Buellia papillata
Buellia spuria
Bunodophoron melanocarpum
Calicium adaequatum
Calicium lenticulare
Calicium viride
Caloplaca atrosanguinea
Caloplaca citrina
Caloplaca exsecuta
Caloplaca ferruginea
Caloplaca flavogranulosa
Caloplaca holocarpa
Caloplaca litoricola
Caloplaca pollinii
Caloplaca verruculifera
Calvitimela aglaea
Candelaria concolor
Candelariella aurella
Candelariella canadensis
Carbonea vorticosa
Catolechia wahlenbergiiDistribution is poorly known in the region. Collected from the alpine on Gravina Island as well as on Starrigavan Ridge (near Sitka) and Black Mountain (on Prince of Wales Island) so far.
Cavernularia hultenii
Cavernularia lophyrea
Cetraria aculeata
Cetraria ericetorum
Cetraria islandica
Cetraria muricata
Cetraria nigricans
Cetrariella delisei
Cetrelia alaskana
Cetrelia cetrarioides
Chaenotheca brunneolaNeedle Lichen
Chaenotheca chrysocephala
Chaenotheca stemonea
Chaenothecopsis pusilla
Chrysothrix candelaris
Cladonia alaskana
Cladonia albonigra
Cladonia amaurocraea
Cladonia arbuscula
Cladonia asahinae
Cladonia bacilliformis
Cladonia bellidiflora
Cladonia borealis
Cladonia cariosa
Cladonia carneola
Cladonia cenotea
Cladonia cervicornis
Cladonia chlorophaea
Cladonia ciliata
Cladonia coccifera
Cladonia coniocraea
Cladonia cornuta
Cladonia crispata
Cladonia cryptochlorophaea
Cladonia cyanipes
Cladonia dahliana
Cladonia decorticata
Cladonia deformis
Cladonia ecmocyna
Cladonia farinacea
Cladonia fimbriata
Cladonia furcata
Cladonia gracilis
Cladonia granulans
Cladonia grayi
Cladonia homosekikaica
Cladonia humilis
Cladonia kanewskii
Cladonia macilenta
Cladonia macrophylla
Cladonia macrophyllodes
Cladonia maxima
Cladonia merochlorophaea
Cladonia metacorallifera
Cladonia mitis
Cladonia multiformis
Cladonia nipponica
Cladonia norvegica
Cladonia ochrochlora
Cladonia phyllophora
Cladonia pleurota
Cladonia pocillum
Cladonia portentosa
Cladonia pseudalcicornis
Cladonia pseudoevansii
Cladonia pyxidata
Cladonia ramulosa
Cladonia rangiferina
Cladonia scabriuscula
Cladonia squamosa
Cladonia stellaris
Cladonia stricta
Cladonia stygia
Cladonia subfurcata
Cladonia subulata
Cladonia sulphurina
Cladonia symphycarpa
Cladonia symphycarpia
Cladonia transcendens
Cladonia turgida
Cladonia umbricola
Cladonia uncialis
Cladonia verruculosa
Cladonia wainioi
Coccotrema maritimum
Coccotrema pocillarium
Collema curtisporum
Collema fecundum
Collema furfuraceum
Collema nigrescens
Collema subflaccidum
Collema tenax
Cornicularia normoerica
Cystocoleus ebeneus
Dactylina arctica
Dactylina beringica
Dactylina ramulosa
Dendriscocaulon intricatulum
Dermatocarpon arnoldianum
Dermatocarpon intestiniforme
Dermatocarpon luridum
Dermatocarpon miniatum
Dermatocarpon rivulorum
Dimerella lutea
Diploschistes muscorum
Diplotomma alboatrum
Ephebe lanata
Epilichen scabrosus
Erioderma mollissimum
Erioderma sorediatum
Euopsis pulvinata
Evernia prunastriOak moss lichen
Farnoldia jurana
Flavocetraria cucullata
Flavocetraria nivalis
Fuscopannaria ahlneri
Fuscopannaria laceratula
Fuscopannaria leucostictoides
Fuscopannaria maritima
Fuscopannaria praetermissa
Graphis scriptaPencilmark Lichen
Gyalidea hyalinescens
Heterodermia sitchensis
Heterodermia speciosa
Hymenelia epulotica
Hyperphyscia adglutinata
Hypogymnia apinnataChecklist indicates abundant, collections from throughout the region.
Hypogymnia duplicataChecklist indicates abundant - collections from throughout the region. Pac NW endemic(?)
Hypogymnia enteromorpha
Hypogymnia heterophyllaFrom the Tongass lichen database
Hypogymnia inactivaPD negative, the upper surface of the medulla is black
Hypogymnia metaphysodesFrom the Tongass lichen database
Hypogymnia occidentalis
Hypogymnia oceanicaappressed to somewhat trailing
Hypogymnia physodesSoredia on branch tips and inside of the open lobes
Hypogymnia tubulosaclosed sorediate lobe tips. Lobes tend to be erect
Hypogymnia vittataLobe tips open and sorediate. Lobes with very small lobules
Hypotrachyna sinuosa
Icmadophila ericetorumFairy PukeCommon light green crustose lichen with distinctive pink apothecia. Found on rotting logs and stumps in coniferous forests from low to mid elevations.
Imshaugia aleurites
Ionaspis lacustris
Kaernefeltia californica
Lecanora cateilea
Lecanora cinereofusca
Lecanora circumborealis
Lecanora contractula
Lecanora epibryon
Lecanora expallens
Lecanora fuscescens
Lecanora hagenii
Lecanora leptacina
Lecanora muralis
Lecanora orae-frigidae
Lecanora poliophaea
Lecanora polytropa
Lecanora pulicaris
Lecanora salicicola
Lecanora straminea
Lecanora strobilina
Lecanora symmicta
Lecanora varia
Lecanora xylophilaDriftwood Rim-lichen
Lecanora zosterae
Lecidea albofuscescens
Lecidea atromarginata
Lecidea erythrophaea
Lecidea lapicida
Lecidea praenubila
Lecidea roseotincta
Lecidea silacea
Lecidella asema
Lecidella effugiens
Lecidella euphorea
Lecidella stigmatea
Lecidella subincongrua
Lecidoma demissum
Lepraria cacuminum
Lepraria incana
Lepraria lobificans
Lepraria membranacea
Lepraria neglecta
Lepraria vouauxii
Leprocaulon subalbicans
Leptogium brebissoniiOn tree branches at Petroglyph Beach, Wrangell. Known in North America from BC (Goward et al. 1994a), Oregon and Washington (McCune et al. 1997).
Leptogium burnetiae
Leptogium cyanescensSo far known from the Unuk River and Stikine River valleys on the mainland and a single report from Baranof Island.
Leptogium hirsutum
Leptogium pseudofurfuraceum
Leptogium saturninum
Lichenomphalia hudsoniana
Lichenomphalia umbellifera
Lobaria amplissimaOn trunks and branches of Sitka Spruce (Picea sitchensis), Western Hemlock (Tsuga heterophylla) and Pacific Crabapple (Malus fusca) in old growth beach fringe forest. Currently known from fewer than 25 sites in Southeast Alaska. PacNW herbarium database shows collections from southern half of the region all on islands with a single collection from near Yakutat being the only exception.
Lobaria anthraspis
Lobaria hallii
Lobaria kurokawae
Lobaria linita
Lobaria oregana
Lobaria pseudopulmonaria
Lobaria pulmonaria
Lobaria retigeraSmoker's Lung
Lobaria scrobiculata
Lobaria silvae-veteris
Lopadium disciforme
Lopadium pezizoideum
Loxosporopsis corallifera1998 checklist indicates this species is common, especially on Shore Pine (Pinus contorta) in muskegs. Collections in PacNW herbarium database primarily from southern half of the region. Also a collection from Juneau.
Massalongia carnosa
Melanelia commixta
Melanelia hepatizon
Melanelia sorediata
Melanelia stygia
Melanelixia fuliginosa
Melanelixia subauriferaAbraded Brown
Melanohalea exasperatula
Melanohalea multispora
Melanohalea olivacea
Melanohalea septentrionalis
Melanohalea subelegantula
Menegazzia subsimilisUnclear how abundant this species is - McCune and Geiser says this: "Our material was previously all lumped under Menegazzia terebrata but is now separated by the form of the soralia. M. subsimilis is much more common in the PNW than M. terebrata"
Menegazzia terebratasee note with Menegazzia subsimilis
Micarea assimilata
Micarea incrassata
Mycobilimbia berengeriana
Mycobilimbia tetramera
Mycoblastus affinis
Mycoblastus caesius
Mycoblastus sanguinariusBloody-heart Lichen
Neofuscelia subhosseana
Nephroma arcticumGreen Light
Nephroma bellum
Nephroma expallidum
Nephroma helveticum
Nephroma isidiosum
Nephroma laevigatum
Nephroma occultum
Nephroma parile
Nephroma resupinatum
Nodobryoria oregana
Normandina pulchella
Ochrolechia androgyna
Ochrolechia arborea
Ochrolechia frigida
Ochrolechia juvenalis
Ochrolechia laevigata
Ochrolechia oregonensis
Ochrolechia subpallescens
Ochrolechia subplicans
Ochrolechia szatalaensis
Ochrolechia tartarea
Ochrolechia xanthostoma
Opegrapha rupestris
Ophioparma lapponica
Pannaria pezizoides
Parmelia hygrophila
Parmelia omphalodes
Parmelia pseudosulcata
Parmelia saxatilis
Parmelia squarrosa
Parmelia sulcata
Parmeliella parvula
Parmeliella triptophylla
Parmeliopsis ambigua
Parmeliopsis hyperopta
Parmotrema arnoldii
Parmotrema crinitum
Parmotrema perlatum
Peltigera aphthosa1998 checklist suggest this species is common, though found mostly on the mainland. PacNW herbarium database shows records primarily from the inner islands and mainland, though one old (1913) collection was made from a southern outer island.
Peltigera britannicaMany collections from across most of the region. Only one from the gulf coast, and none from upper Lynn Canal.
Peltigera canina1998 checklist suggests this species is infrequent. PacNW herbarium database shows a handful of older (1950s and earlier) collections from Kuiu and South Baranof Island. There is a 1998 collection from Tebenkof and a 1992 record from Sitka. A few collections also from northern Lynn Canal in the general vicinity of Skagway.
Peltigera castaneaPeltigera castaneaReported from Klondike NP and Glacier Bay NP
Peltigera chionophila
Peltigera cinnamomea
Peltigera collina
Peltigera degenii
Peltigera didactyla
Peltigera elisabethae
Peltigera extenuataReported from Klondike NP
Peltigera horizontalis
Peltigera hydrothyria
Peltigera hymeninaReported in Tongass NF database from mainland near Juneau.
Peltigera kristinssoniiReported from Glacier Bay NP
Peltigera latilobaReported from Klondike NP
Peltigera lepidophora
Peltigera leucophlebia
Peltigera malacea
Peltigera membranacea
Peltigera neckeri
Peltigera neopolydactyla
Peltigera occidentalisReported from Glacier Bay NP and Klondike NP
Peltigera pacificaFringed Frog Pelt
Peltigera polydactylon
Peltigera ponojensis
Peltigera praetextata
Peltigera rufescens
Peltigera scabrosa
Peltigera scabrosellaReported from Klondike NP
Peltigera venosa
Pertusaria amara
Pertusaria borealis
Pertusaria bryontha
Pertusaria dactylina
Pertusaria flavocorallina
Pertusaria oculata
Pertusaria ophthalmiza
Pertusaria sommerfeltii
Pertusaria subambigens
Phaeocalicium flabelliforme
Phaeophyscia ciliata
Phaeophyscia endococcina
Phaeophyscia hirtella
Phaeophyscia orbicularis
Phylliscum demangeonii
Physcia adscendens
Physcia aipolia
Physcia caesia
Physcia dubia
Physcia stellaris
Physcia tenella
Physconia americana
Physconia isidiigera
Physconia muscigena
Pilophorus acicularis
Pilophorus cereolus
Pilophorus clavatus
Pilophorus nigricaulis
Pilophorus robustus
Placopsis gelida
Placopsis roseonigra
Placynthium nigrum
Platismatia glauca
Platismatia herrei
Platismatia lacunosa
Platismatia norvegica
Plectocarpon lichenum
Polychidium contortum
Polychidium dendriscum
Polychidium muscicola
Porpidia carlottiana
Porpidia flavocaerulescens
Porpidia lowiana
Porpidia speirea
Porpidia thomsonii
Protomicarea limosa
Protopannaria pezizoides
Protoparmelia badia
Pseudephebe minuscula
Pseudephebe pubescens
Pseudocyphellaria anomala
Pseudocyphellaria crocata
Pseudocyphellaria rainierensisOld Growth Specklebelly
Psora decipiens
Psora rubiformis
Psoroma hypnorum
Pycnora leucococca
Pycnora sorophora
Pyrrhospora cinnabarina
Ramalina almquistii
Ramalina dilacerata
Ramalina farinacea
Ramalina inflata
Ramalina leptocarpha
Ramalina menziesii
Ramalina roesleri
Ramalina scopariaFound on St. Lazaria, previously known from the Aleutian and Kuril Islands.
Ramalina thrausta
Rhizocarpon badioatrum
Rhizocarpon copelandii
Rhizocarpon disporum
Rhizocarpon eupetraeoides
Rhizocarpon geminatum
Rhizocarpon geographicum
Rhizocarpon hensseniae
Rhizocarpon hochstetteri
Rhizocarpon obscuratum
Rhizocarpon praebadium
Rhizocarpon superficiale
Rhizoplaca chrysoleuca
Rinodina conradii
Rinodina gennarii
Rinodina sheardii
Schaereria corticola
Scytinium californicum
Scytinium lichenoides
Scytinium palmatumAntlered Jellyskin Lichen
Scytinium polycarpumReported from Totem Park, but not in the Southeast Alaska checklist.
Scytinium subtile
Scytinium tenuissimum
Scytinium teretiusculum
Siphula ceratites
Solorina bispora
Solorina crocea
Solorina saccata
Solorina spongiosa
Sphaerophorus fragilis
Sphaerophorus globosusStatus of this species needs to be looked at due to recent taxonomic changes.
Sphaerophorus tuckermanii
Sphaerophorus venerabilis
Stereocaulon alpinum
Stereocaulon apocalypticum
Stereocaulon arenarium
Stereocaulon botryosum
Stereocaulon capitellatum
Stereocaulon condensatum
Stereocaulon coniophyllum
Stereocaulon dactylophyllum
Stereocaulon glareosum
Stereocaulon grande
Stereocaulon groenlandicum
Stereocaulon intermedium
Stereocaulon myriocarpum
Stereocaulon nivale
Stereocaulon octomerum
Stereocaulon paschale
Stereocaulon pileatum
Stereocaulon rivulorum
Stereocaulon sasakii
Stereocaulon saviczii
Stereocaulon saxatile
Stereocaulon spathuliferum
Stereocaulon sterile
Stereocaulon subcoralloides
Stereocaulon symphycheilum
Stereocaulon tomentosum
Stereocaulon vesuvianum
Sticta arctica
Sticta fuliginosa
Sticta limbata
Sticta weigelii
Sticta wrightii
Szczawinskia tsugae
Tephromela atra
Thamnolia subuliformis
Thamnolia vermicularis
Thelotrema lepadinum
Toninia tristis
Trapelia sp
Trapeliopsis flexuosa
Trapeliopsis pseudogranulosa
Tremella hypogymniae
Tremolecia atrata
Tuckermannopsis chlorophylla
Tuckermannopsis subalpina
Umbilicaria angulata
Umbilicaria arctica
Umbilicaria cylindrica
Umbilicaria deusta
Umbilicaria havaasii
Umbilicaria hirsuta
Umbilicaria hyperborea
Umbilicaria polyphylla
Umbilicaria proboscidea
Umbilicaria rigida
Umbilicaria torrefacta
Umbilicaria vellea
Umbilicaria virginis
Usnea barbataSeveral collections originally identified as other species were examined and determined to be this species as part of the work of Dillman et. al (2012). Collections spanned much of the region, though none from the northern gulf coast, nor northern outer islands.
Usnea cavernosaReported from Haines in 1998 checklist. Two records in National Lichens and Air Quality database. One from from near Juneau, the other from Prince of Wales Island.

No collections in PacNW herbaria database from region. (Collections mostly from coastal Oregon and California, and the Rocky mountains. Also a small number from extreme SW BC and from interior BC rockies)

  • Treated in Usnea in the Pacific Northwest by D. F. Stone
Usnea chaetophoraRecords in National Lichen and Air Quality database mostly from southern part of the region, but also at least a couple from near Juneau. No collections from region in PacNW herbaria database
Usnea cornutaReported from near Prince of Wales Island in 1998 checklist. A handful of collections from two locations in southern part of the region in PacNW herbaria database. No records in NLaAQ DB.

Collections examined as part of the work in Dillman et. al (2012) from the southern half of the region.

  • Treated in Usnea in the Pacific Northwest by D. F. Stone
Usnea cylindricaReported in Glacier Bay checklist (as Usnea cf. cylindrica). Dillman et. al (2012) examined collections of this species from Coronation Island, Misty Fiords, Craig Cemetery Island, and the Stikine River mouth.
Usnea dasypogaRecords from throughout much of the region, except the northern Gulf Coast.

Described as probably the most common species of Usnea in Southeast Alaska in Dillman et. al (2012). Collections examined from across much of the region.

Formerly U. filipendula

  • Treated as Usnea filipendula in Usnea in the Pacific Northwest by D. F. Stone
Usnea fibrillosaApparently reported from Totem Park, but no other records. Maybe a taxonomic issue (should be Usnea filipendula?)
Usnea flavocardiaRecords in NLaAQ DB from the far southern portion of the region (found by searching under the synonym, Usnea wirthii). Collections in PacNW herbaria database mostly from Washington, Oregon and Southwest BC. Also a couple from Haida Gwaii and mainland east of there.

Dillman, et al. (2012) indicates this is a common species in the region. Collections were examined from as far north as Kruzof Island.

  • Treated in Usnea in the Pacific Northwest by D. F. Stone
Usnea fragilescensRecords in NLaAQ DB primarily from southern half of the region, but also Excursion Inlet and Cape Fanshaw.

Dillman, et. al. (2012) describes this as a quite frequent taxon in the region with four chemotypes. Collections examined for this work from at least as far north as Sitka.

  • Treated in Usnea in the Pacific Northwest by D. F. Stone
Usnea glabrataA single record in NLaAQ DB from Warren Island. Older report from Sitka mentioned in 1998 checklist.

Dillman, et al. (2012) indicate only a single specimen was found to confirm the occurrence of this species in the region (noting prior reports should be re-examined to determine/confirm ID). From Misty Fiords.

  • Treated in Usnea in the Pacific Northwest by D. F. Stone
Usnea glabrescensA single record listed in NLaAQ DB from the southern end of Gravina Island in southern part of the region. Reported from Sitka in the 1998 checklist. Dillman et. al (2012) indicate var. 'fulvoreagens' appears to be rare in Alaska, and in material they reviewed was only found once from Excursion Inlet. (Is this only for the variety, or is it true also of the species?)
Usnea hirtaA single record in NLaAQ DB from Misty Fjords. Report mentioned from Sitka in 1998 checklist.
  • Treated in Usnea in the Pacific Northwest'by D. F. Stone
Usnea lapponicaRecords from Juneau in NLaAQ DB and near Skagway in PacNW herbaria database (+ Klondike National Park lichen checklist). Also reported from Sitka in 1998 checklist.
  • Treated in Usnea in the Pacific Northwest by D. F. Stone
Usnea longissimaCollections and records from across the region. Treated in Usnea in the Pacific Northwest by D. F. Stone
Usnea pacificanaCollections from Sitka area, Kuiu Island, and Misty Fiords were examined as part of the work of Dillman et. al (2012).
Usnea scabrataScattered reports from across much of the region (other than northern Gulf Coast and northern Lynn Canal) in NLaAQ DB. Included on Klondike NP checklist.
  • Treated in Usnea in the Pacific Northwest by D. F. Stone
Usnea silesiacaIn Dillman et. al (2012) this is described as a species which is not uncommon in Southeast Alaska. Collections were verified as this species mostly from the southern half of the region, but also from Excursion Inlet.
Usnea subfloridanaTwo records in NLaAQ DB, one from Tebenkof, the other from the southern Chilkat Peninsula.

Dillman, et. al (2012) note this species has been previously reported, but considerable revisionary work on specimens and taxonomy has cast doubt on those reports. Two collections confirmed as this species from Excursion Inlet and Misty Fiords.

  • Treated in Usnea in the Pacific Northwest by D. F. Stone
Usnea substerilisRecords in NLaAQ DB mostly from southern half of the region, but also Juneau and Excursion Inlet. Reported from Juneau and Haines in the 1998 checklist, but no collections from region in PacNW herbaria database. Included on Klondike NP checklist.
Usnea trichodeaReddish central cord should distinguish this lichen.

Included in 1998 Checklist for Southeast Alaska, but no collections in PacNW herbarium database, nor in NLaAQ DB. (Only three records in the entirety of western North America.)

The map in Brodo has this species occurring in the southeastern part of the United States. Not in SEAK

  • Treated in Usnea in the Pacific Northwest by D. F. Stone
Vahliella leucophaea
Vahliella saubinetii
Verrucaria degelii
Verrucaria epimaura
Verrucaria mauraBlack Band Lichen
Verrucaria muralis
Verrucaria schofieldii
Vestergrenopsis elaeina
Vestergrenopsis isidiata
Xanthomendoza fallax
Xanthoria candelaria
Xanthoria elegansElegant Orange Lichen
Xanthoria polycarpa
Xanthoria sorediata
Xylographa opegraphella
Xylographa parallela

Selected Families

Collemataceae ( 19 species)

Scientific NameCommon NameSummary
Collema curtisporum
Collema fecundum
Collema furfuraceum
Collema nigrescens
Collema subflaccidum
Collema tenax
Leptogium brebissoniiOn tree branches at Petroglyph Beach, Wrangell. Known in North America from BC (Goward et al. 1994a), Oregon and Washington (McCune et al. 1997).
Leptogium burnetiae
Leptogium cyanescensSo far known from the Unuk River and Stikine River valleys on the mainland and a single report from Baranof Island.
Leptogium hirsutum
Leptogium pseudofurfuraceum
Leptogium saturninum
Scytinium californicum
Scytinium lichenoides
Scytinium palmatumAntlered Jellyskin Lichen
Scytinium polycarpumReported from Totem Park, but not in the Southeast Alaska checklist.
Scytinium subtile
Scytinium tenuissimum
Scytinium teretiusculum

Cladoniaceae ( 69 species)

Scientific NameCommon NameSummary
Cladonia alaskana
Cladonia albonigra
Cladonia amaurocraea
Cladonia arbuscula
Cladonia asahinae
Cladonia bacilliformis
Cladonia bellidiflora
Cladonia borealis
Cladonia cariosa
Cladonia carneola
Cladonia cenotea
Cladonia cervicornis
Cladonia chlorophaea
Cladonia ciliata
Cladonia coccifera
Cladonia coniocraea
Cladonia cornuta
Cladonia crispata
Cladonia cryptochlorophaea
Cladonia cyanipes
Cladonia dahliana
Cladonia decorticata
Cladonia deformis
Cladonia ecmocyna
Cladonia farinacea
Cladonia fimbriata
Cladonia furcata
Cladonia gracilis
Cladonia granulans
Cladonia grayi
Cladonia homosekikaica
Cladonia humilis
Cladonia kanewskii
Cladonia macilenta
Cladonia macrophylla
Cladonia macrophyllodes
Cladonia maxima
Cladonia merochlorophaea
Cladonia metacorallifera
Cladonia mitis
Cladonia multiformis
Cladonia nipponica
Cladonia norvegica
Cladonia ochrochlora
Cladonia phyllophora
Cladonia pleurota
Cladonia pocillum
Cladonia portentosa
Cladonia pseudalcicornis
Cladonia pseudoevansii
Cladonia pyxidata
Cladonia ramulosa
Cladonia rangiferina
Cladonia scabriuscula
Cladonia squamosa
Cladonia stellaris
Cladonia stricta
Cladonia stygia
Cladonia subfurcata
Cladonia subulata
Cladonia sulphurina
Cladonia symphycarpa
Cladonia symphycarpia
Cladonia transcendens
Cladonia turgida
Cladonia umbricola
Cladonia uncialis
Cladonia verruculosa
Cladonia wainioi

Lecanoraceae ( 31 species)

Scientific NameCommon NameSummary
Calvitimela aglaea
Carbonea vorticosa
Lecanora cateilea
Lecanora cinereofusca
Lecanora circumborealis
Lecanora contractula
Lecanora epibryon
Lecanora expallens
Lecanora fuscescens
Lecanora hagenii
Lecanora leptacina
Lecanora muralis
Lecanora orae-frigidae
Lecanora poliophaea
Lecanora polytropa
Lecanora pulicaris
Lecanora salicicola
Lecanora straminea
Lecanora strobilina
Lecanora symmicta
Lecanora varia
Lecanora xylophilaDriftwood Rim-lichen
Lecanora zosterae
Lecidella asema
Lecidella effugiens
Lecidella euphorea
Lecidella stigmatea
Lecidella subincongrua
Protoparmelia badia
Pyrrhospora cinnabarina
Rhizoplaca chrysoleuca

Lobariaceae ( 20 species)

Scientific NameCommon NameSummary
Dendriscocaulon intricatulum
Lobaria amplissimaOn trunks and branches of Sitka Spruce (Picea sitchensis), Western Hemlock (Tsuga heterophylla) and Pacific Crabapple (Malus fusca) in old growth beach fringe forest. Currently known from fewer than 25 sites in Southeast Alaska. PacNW herbarium database shows collections from southern half of the region all on islands with a single collection from near Yakutat being the only exception.
Lobaria anthraspis
Lobaria hallii
Lobaria kurokawae
Lobaria linita
Lobaria oregana
Lobaria pseudopulmonaria
Lobaria pulmonaria
Lobaria retigeraSmoker's Lung
Lobaria scrobiculata
Lobaria silvae-veteris
Pseudocyphellaria anomala
Pseudocyphellaria crocata
Pseudocyphellaria rainierensisOld Growth Specklebelly
Sticta arctica
Sticta fuliginosa
Sticta limbata
Sticta weigelii
Sticta wrightii

Nephromataceae ( 9 species)

Scientific NameCommon NameSummary
Nephroma arcticumGreen Light
Nephroma bellum
Nephroma expallidum
Nephroma helveticum
Nephroma isidiosum
Nephroma laevigatum
Nephroma occultum
Nephroma parile
Nephroma resupinatum

Pannariaceae ( 12 species)

Scientific NameCommon NameSummary
Erioderma mollissimum
Erioderma sorediatum
Fuscopannaria ahlneri
Fuscopannaria laceratula
Fuscopannaria leucostictoides
Fuscopannaria maritima
Fuscopannaria praetermissa
Pannaria pezizoides
Protopannaria pezizoides
Psoroma hypnorum
Vahliella leucophaea
Vahliella saubinetii

Parmeliaceae ( 105 species)

Scientific NameCommon NameSummary
Allantoparmelia almquistii
Allantoparmelia alpicola
Arctoparmelia incurva
Arctoparmelia separata
Asahinea chrysantha
Brodoa oroarctica
Bryocaulon divergensNorthern Foxhair
Bryocaulon pseudosatoanumFoxhair Lichen
Bryoria bicolorTwo-color Horsehair Lichen
Bryoria capillarisGray Horsehair Lichen
Bryoria carlottae
Bryoria cervinula
Bryoria chalybeiformis
Bryoria friabilis
Bryoria fuscescens
Bryoria glabra
Bryoria lanestris
Bryoria nadvornikiana
Bryoria nitidula
Bryoria pseudofuscescens
Bryoria simplicior
Bryoria subcana
Bryoria tenuis
Bryoria trichodes
Cavernularia hultenii
Cavernularia lophyrea
Cetraria aculeata
Cetraria ericetorum
Cetraria islandica
Cetraria muricata
Cetraria nigricans
Cetrariella delisei
Cetrelia alaskana
Cetrelia cetrarioides
Cornicularia normoerica
Dactylina arctica
Dactylina beringica
Dactylina ramulosa
Evernia prunastriOak moss lichen
Flavocetraria cucullata
Flavocetraria nivalis
Hypogymnia apinnataChecklist indicates abundant, collections from throughout the region.
Hypogymnia duplicataChecklist indicates abundant - collections from throughout the region. Pac NW endemic(?)
Hypogymnia enteromorpha
Hypogymnia heterophyllaFrom the Tongass lichen database
Hypogymnia inactivaPD negative, the upper surface of the medulla is black
Hypogymnia metaphysodesFrom the Tongass lichen database
Hypogymnia occidentalis
Hypogymnia oceanicaappressed to somewhat trailing
Hypogymnia physodesSoredia on branch tips and inside of the open lobes
Hypogymnia tubulosaclosed sorediate lobe tips. Lobes tend to be erect
Hypogymnia vittataLobe tips open and sorediate. Lobes with very small lobules
Hypotrachyna sinuosa
Imshaugia aleurites
Kaernefeltia californica
Melanelia commixta
Melanelia hepatizon
Melanelia sorediata
Melanelia stygia
Melanohalea subelegantula
Menegazzia subsimilisUnclear how abundant this species is - McCune and Geiser says this: "Our material was previously all lumped under Menegazzia terebrata but is now separated by the form of the soralia. M. subsimilis is much more common in the PNW than M. terebrata"
Menegazzia terebratasee note with Menegazzia subsimilis
Neofuscelia subhosseana
Nodobryoria oregana
Parmelia hygrophila
Parmelia omphalodes
Parmelia pseudosulcata
Parmelia saxatilis
Parmelia squarrosa
Parmelia sulcata
Parmeliella parvula
Parmeliella triptophylla
Parmeliopsis ambigua
Parmeliopsis hyperopta
Parmotrema arnoldii
Parmotrema crinitum
Parmotrema perlatum
Platismatia glauca
Platismatia herrei
Platismatia lacunosa
Platismatia norvegica
Pseudephebe minuscula
Pseudephebe pubescens
Tuckermannopsis chlorophylla
Tuckermannopsis subalpina
Usnea barbataSeveral collections originally identified as other species were examined and determined to be this species as part of the work of Dillman et. al (2012). Collections spanned much of the region, though none from the northern gulf coast, nor northern outer islands.
Usnea cavernosaReported from Haines in 1998 checklist. Two records in National Lichens and Air Quality database. One from from near Juneau, the other from Prince of Wales Island.

No collections in PacNW herbaria database from region. (Collections mostly from coastal Oregon and California, and the Rocky mountains. Also a small number from extreme SW BC and from interior BC rockies)

  • Treated in Usnea in the Pacific Northwest by D. F. Stone
Usnea chaetophoraRecords in National Lichen and Air Quality database mostly from southern part of the region, but also at least a couple from near Juneau. No collections from region in PacNW herbaria database
Usnea cornutaReported from near Prince of Wales Island in 1998 checklist. A handful of collections from two locations in southern part of the region in PacNW herbaria database. No records in NLaAQ DB.

Collections examined as part of the work in Dillman et. al (2012) from the southern half of the region.

  • Treated in Usnea in the Pacific Northwest by D. F. Stone
Usnea cylindricaReported in Glacier Bay checklist (as Usnea cf. cylindrica). Dillman et. al (2012) examined collections of this species from Coronation Island, Misty Fiords, Craig Cemetery Island, and the Stikine River mouth.
Usnea dasypogaRecords from throughout much of the region, except the northern Gulf Coast.

Described as probably the most common species of Usnea in Southeast Alaska in Dillman et. al (2012). Collections examined from across much of the region.

Formerly U. filipendula

  • Treated as Usnea filipendula in Usnea in the Pacific Northwest by D. F. Stone
Usnea fibrillosaApparently reported from Totem Park, but no other records. Maybe a taxonomic issue (should be Usnea filipendula?)
Usnea flavocardiaRecords in NLaAQ DB from the far southern portion of the region (found by searching under the synonym, Usnea wirthii). Collections in PacNW herbaria database mostly from Washington, Oregon and Southwest BC. Also a couple from Haida Gwaii and mainland east of there.

Dillman, et al. (2012) indicates this is a common species in the region. Collections were examined from as far north as Kruzof Island.

  • Treated in Usnea in the Pacific Northwest by D. F. Stone
Usnea fragilescensRecords in NLaAQ DB primarily from southern half of the region, but also Excursion Inlet and Cape Fanshaw.

Dillman, et. al. (2012) describes this as a quite frequent taxon in the region with four chemotypes. Collections examined for this work from at least as far north as Sitka.

  • Treated in Usnea in the Pacific Northwest by D. F. Stone
Usnea glabrataA single record in NLaAQ DB from Warren Island. Older report from Sitka mentioned in 1998 checklist.

Dillman, et al. (2012) indicate only a single specimen was found to confirm the occurrence of this species in the region (noting prior reports should be re-examined to determine/confirm ID). From Misty Fiords.

  • Treated in Usnea in the Pacific Northwest by D. F. Stone
Usnea glabrescensA single record listed in NLaAQ DB from the southern end of Gravina Island in southern part of the region. Reported from Sitka in the 1998 checklist. Dillman et. al (2012) indicate var. 'fulvoreagens' appears to be rare in Alaska, and in material they reviewed was only found once from Excursion Inlet. (Is this only for the variety, or is it true also of the species?)
Usnea hirtaA single record in NLaAQ DB from Misty Fjords. Report mentioned from Sitka in 1998 checklist.
  • Treated in Usnea in the Pacific Northwest'by D. F. Stone
Usnea lapponicaRecords from Juneau in NLaAQ DB and near Skagway in PacNW herbaria database (+ Klondike National Park lichen checklist). Also reported from Sitka in 1998 checklist.
  • Treated in Usnea in the Pacific Northwest by D. F. Stone
Usnea longissimaCollections and records from across the region. Treated in Usnea in the Pacific Northwest by D. F. Stone
Usnea pacificanaCollections from Sitka area, Kuiu Island, and Misty Fiords were examined as part of the work of Dillman et. al (2012).
Usnea scabrataScattered reports from across much of the region (other than northern Gulf Coast and northern Lynn Canal) in NLaAQ DB. Included on Klondike NP checklist.
  • Treated in Usnea in the Pacific Northwest by D. F. Stone
Usnea silesiacaIn Dillman et. al (2012) this is described as a species which is not uncommon in Southeast Alaska. Collections were verified as this species mostly from the southern half of the region, but also from Excursion Inlet.
Usnea subfloridanaTwo records in NLaAQ DB, one from Tebenkof, the other from the southern Chilkat Peninsula.

Dillman, et. al (2012) note this species has been previously reported, but considerable revisionary work on specimens and taxonomy has cast doubt on those reports. Two collections confirmed as this species from Excursion Inlet and Misty Fiords.

  • Treated in Usnea in the Pacific Northwest by D. F. Stone
Usnea substerilisRecords in NLaAQ DB mostly from southern half of the region, but also Juneau and Excursion Inlet. Reported from Juneau and Haines in the 1998 checklist, but no collections from region in PacNW herbaria database. Included on Klondike NP checklist.
Usnea trichodeaReddish central cord should distinguish this lichen.

Included in 1998 Checklist for Southeast Alaska, but no collections in PacNW herbarium database, nor in NLaAQ DB. (Only three records in the entirety of western North America.)

The map in Brodo has this species occurring in the southeastern part of the United States. Not in SEAK

  • Treated in Usnea in the Pacific Northwest by D. F. Stone

Peltigeraceae ( 35 species)

Scientific NameCommon NameSummary
Massalongia carnosa
Peltigera aphthosa1998 checklist suggest this species is common, though found mostly on the mainland. PacNW herbarium database shows records primarily from the inner islands and mainland, though one old (1913) collection was made from a southern outer island.
Peltigera britannicaMany collections from across most of the region. Only one from the gulf coast, and none from upper Lynn Canal.
Peltigera canina1998 checklist suggests this species is infrequent. PacNW herbarium database shows a handful of older (1950s and earlier) collections from Kuiu and South Baranof Island. There is a 1998 collection from Tebenkof and a 1992 record from Sitka. A few collections also from northern Lynn Canal in the general vicinity of Skagway.
Peltigera castaneaPeltigera castaneaReported from Klondike NP and Glacier Bay NP
Peltigera chionophila
Peltigera cinnamomea
Peltigera collina
Peltigera degenii
Peltigera didactyla
Peltigera elisabethae
Peltigera extenuataReported from Klondike NP
Peltigera horizontalis
Peltigera hydrothyria
Peltigera hymeninaReported in Tongass NF database from mainland near Juneau.
Peltigera kristinssoniiReported from Glacier Bay NP
Peltigera latilobaReported from Klondike NP
Peltigera lepidophora
Peltigera leucophlebia
Peltigera malacea
Peltigera membranacea
Peltigera neckeri
Peltigera neopolydactyla
Peltigera occidentalisReported from Glacier Bay NP and Klondike NP
Peltigera pacificaFringed Frog Pelt
Peltigera polydactylon
Peltigera ponojensis
Peltigera praetextata
Peltigera rufescens
Peltigera scabrosa
Peltigera scabrosellaReported from Klondike NP
Peltigera venosa
Solorina crocea
Solorina saccata
Solorina spongiosa

Pertusariaceae ( 20 species)

Scientific NameCommon NameSummary
Ochrolechia androgyna
Ochrolechia arborea
Ochrolechia frigida
Ochrolechia juvenalis
Ochrolechia laevigata
Ochrolechia oregonensis
Ochrolechia subpallescens
Ochrolechia subplicans
Ochrolechia szatalaensis
Ochrolechia tartarea
Ochrolechia xanthostoma
Pertusaria amara
Pertusaria borealis
Pertusaria bryontha
Pertusaria dactylina
Pertusaria flavocorallina
Pertusaria oculata
Pertusaria ophthalmiza
Pertusaria sommerfeltii
Pertusaria subambigens

Physciaceae ( 25 species)

Scientific NameCommon NameSummary
Amandinea coniops
Amandinea punctataTiny Button Lichen
Buellia erubescens
Buellia papillata
Buellia spuria
Diplotomma alboatrum
Heterodermia sitchensis
Heterodermia speciosa
Hyperphyscia adglutinata
Phaeophyscia ciliata
Phaeophyscia endococcina
Phaeophyscia hirtella
Phaeophyscia orbicularis
Physcia adscendens
Physcia aipolia
Physcia caesia
Physcia dubia
Physcia stellaris
Physcia tenella
Physconia americana
Physconia isidiigera
Physconia muscigena
Rinodina conradii
Rinodina gennarii
Rinodina sheardii

Porpidiaceae ( 16 species)

Scientific NameCommon NameSummary
Amygdalaria consentiensAlmond Lichen
Amygdalaria continua
Amygdalaria elegantior
Amygdalaria haidensis
Amygdalaria panaeola
Amygdalaria pelobotryon
Amygdalaria subdissentiens
Bellemerea cinereorufescens
Farnoldia jurana
Mycobilimbia berengeriana
Mycobilimbia tetramera
Porpidia carlottiana
Porpidia flavocaerulescens
Porpidia lowiana
Porpidia speirea
Porpidia thomsonii

Ramalinaceae ( 9 species)

Scientific NameCommon NameSummary
Ramalina almquistii
Ramalina dilacerata
Ramalina farinacea
Ramalina inflata
Ramalina leptocarpha
Ramalina menziesii
Ramalina roesleri
Ramalina scopariaFound on St. Lazaria, previously known from the Aleutian and Kuril Islands.
Ramalina thrausta

Rhizocarpaceae ( 13 species)

Scientific NameCommon NameSummary
Catolechia wahlenbergiiDistribution is poorly known in the region. Collected from the alpine on Gravina Island as well as on Starrigavan Ridge (near Sitka) and Black Mountain (on Prince of Wales Island) so far.
Epilichen scabrosus
Rhizocarpon badioatrum
Rhizocarpon copelandii
Rhizocarpon disporum
Rhizocarpon eupetraeoides
Rhizocarpon geminatum
Rhizocarpon geographicum
Rhizocarpon hensseniae
Rhizocarpon hochstetteri
Rhizocarpon obscuratum
Rhizocarpon praebadium
Rhizocarpon superficiale

Sphaerophoraceae ( 5 species)

Scientific NameCommon NameSummary
Bunodophoron melanocarpum
Sphaerophorus fragilis
Sphaerophorus globosusStatus of this species needs to be looked at due to recent taxonomic changes.
Sphaerophorus tuckermanii
Sphaerophorus venerabilis

Stereocaulaceae ( 32 species)

Scientific NameCommon NameSummary
Pilophorus acicularis
Pilophorus cereolus
Pilophorus clavatus
Pilophorus nigricaulis
Pilophorus robustus
Stereocaulon alpinum
Stereocaulon apocalypticum
Stereocaulon arenarium
Stereocaulon botryosum
Stereocaulon capitellatum
Stereocaulon condensatum
Stereocaulon coniophyllum
Stereocaulon dactylophyllum
Stereocaulon glareosum
Stereocaulon grande
Stereocaulon groenlandicum
Stereocaulon intermedium
Stereocaulon myriocarpum
Stereocaulon nivale
Stereocaulon octomerum
Stereocaulon paschale
Stereocaulon pileatum
Stereocaulon rivulorum
Stereocaulon sasakii
Stereocaulon saviczii
Stereocaulon saxatile
Stereocaulon spathuliferum
Stereocaulon sterile
Stereocaulon subcoralloides
Stereocaulon symphycheilum
Stereocaulon tomentosum
Stereocaulon vesuvianum

Teloschistaceae ( 14 species)

Scientific NameCommon NameSummary
Caloplaca atrosanguinea
Caloplaca citrina
Caloplaca exsecuta
Caloplaca ferruginea
Caloplaca flavogranulosa
Caloplaca holocarpa
Caloplaca litoricola
Caloplaca pollinii
Caloplaca verruculifera
Xanthomendoza fallax
Xanthoria candelaria
Xanthoria elegansElegant Orange Lichen
Xanthoria polycarpa
Xanthoria sorediata

Umbilicariaceae ( 13 species)

Scientific NameCommon NameSummary
Umbilicaria angulata
Umbilicaria arctica
Umbilicaria cylindrica
Umbilicaria deusta
Umbilicaria havaasii
Umbilicaria hirsuta
Umbilicaria hyperborea
Umbilicaria polyphylla
Umbilicaria proboscidea
Umbilicaria rigida
Umbilicaria torrefacta
Umbilicaria vellea
Umbilicaria virginis

Verrucariaceae ( 10 species)

Scientific NameCommon NameSummary
Dermatocarpon arnoldianum
Dermatocarpon intestiniforme
Dermatocarpon luridum
Dermatocarpon miniatum
Dermatocarpon rivulorum
Verrucaria degelii
Verrucaria epimaura
Verrucaria mauraBlack Band Lichen
Verrucaria muralis
Verrucaria schofieldii