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Family Overview

Apiaceae has 15 species occurring in Southeast Alaska in 11 different genera. All but ## are native to the region. Some species are known to be deadly poisonous, while others have been used for food and medicine. Most genera include only one species in the region, though Angelica, Ligusticum, and Osmorhiza are exceptions. Identification of species within the family can be challenging.

Genus: Angelica

Genus: Cicuta

Genus: Cnidium

Genus: Conioselinum

Genus: Glehnia

Genus: Heracleum

Genus: Ligusticum

Genus: Oenanthe

Genus: Osmorhiza

Genus: Pastinaca

Genus: Sium

Species List

Family: Apiaceae

Group: Vascular Plant, Species

Scientific NameCommon NameSummary
Angelica genuflexaKneeling AngelicaFairly common herbaceous plant with pinnately compound genuflecting leaves and umbrella-like clusters of flowers found in wet areas (non-bog?), including stream sides, lake margins, and beach meadows. Collections widespread throughout the region, though with some significant gaps, including southern outer islands, the central islands and mainland, northern inner islands, and Glacier Bay.
Angelica lucidaSeacoast AngelicaFairly common plant of open areas including beach and subalpine meadows. Poorly collected through much of the region (though presumed to be at least fairly common throughout). Collections appear to be limited to the extreme south and from Juneau north along the mainland (including Yakutat).
Cicuta douglasiiWestern Water HemlockApparently scattered throughout the region. Few collection records from the central part (none away from the Stikine River).
Cnidium cnidiifoliumJakutsk SnowparsleySingle collection record in arctos appears to be Pacific Hemlock-parsley (Conioselinum gmelinii) that has been mis-named in the database.
Conioselinum gmeliniiPacific Hemlock-parsleyMost common along the upper beaches and meadows. Can also be found at higher elevations even up to sub-alpine meadows. Many collections from throughout the region (mostly under synonym C. pacificum).
Glehnia littoralisPacific SilvertopAlthough considered to occur on sandy beaches throughout southeast, it has so far been collected only at Yakutat, with reports from Kruzof Island. (Limited to outer coast?)
Heracleum maximumCow ParsnipVery common large herb with hairy stems, ternately compound leaves and tall stalks with umbelliferous inflorescences. Found from sea level to the subalpine in open (mostly well-drained) areas and forest margins. Scattered collections from throughout the region. Probably under collected relative to its distribution and abundance.
Ligusticum calderiCalder's LovageEndemic to coastal area between northern Vancouver Island and extreme southern Southeast Alaska. Only a hand full of collections from the region, all from Dall Island or southern Prince of Wales Island.
Ligusticum scoticumBeach LovageFairly common but restricted to rocky seashores above all but the highest of fall and winter tides. Expected throughout the region in this habitat. Scattered collections throughout much of the region.
Oenanthe sarmentosaPacific Water-parsleyProbably throughout the region in suitable wet habitat, but only a few scattered collections apart from southern inner islands (Revillagigedo Island south) and mainland.
Osmorhiza berteroiMountain Sweet-cicelyProbably throughout, but few collections in much of the region. Most collections are from Juneau north, with a handful of scattered collections to the south. (Less common than Purple Sweet-cicely (Osmorhiza purpurea)?)
Osmorhiza depauperataBlunt-fruit Sweet-cicelyCollected only from the northern mainland near border with Canada. Overall distribution appears to be primarily continental, and it should perhaps not be expected throughout much of the more maritime parts of the region.
Osmorhiza purpureaPurple Sweet-cicelyOne of the first spring flowers, this plant is fairly common in open forested areas, and abundant in riparian alder forest. Widely collected throughout much of the region.
Pastinaca sativaWild ParsnipNo collections from the region in arctos are indicated on e-flora BC maps. Also not indicated for the region in AKEPIC. Introduced species would not seem to be established in the region.